Published at Monday, May 25th 2020, 03:03:29 AM. English Worksheets. By Fayanna Cousin.
Most people could simply identify adjectives in a sentence. Normally, they are the words that define a nearby noun, such as the tall man or the playful dog. Amazingly, however, adjectives showed also in the form of articles (a, an, the), phrases, clauses, and verbals. Furthermore,adjectives usually appear in the predicate of a sentence, somewhat removed from a noun. The words or groups of words that function as adjectives are thus practical, versatile pieces of speech.
The normal explanation of an adjective is a word that describes or limits a noun. In its expressive form, the adjective may refer to color, size, look or a host of other characteristics of the noun (person, place, thing, or quality). Michael drove a fast car. Maryanne bought a pretty dress. Other words qualify as adjectives as well because they limit a noun or pronoun. For example, we may said that the president threw out the first baseball. The word first doesn't define the baseball, but it limits the reader's attention to a particular baseball. Likewise, if we say the former roommate poured the drinks, the word former is an adjective that merely limits the noun roommate.
The articles a, an, and the also passed as adjectives because they draw the reader's attention to particular persons, places or things. The door creaked loudly. An airplane flew overhead.
Although adjectives usually show just before the nouns they modify, these descriptive words occasionally appear in the predicate of a sentence--more specifically, just after a linking verb. A linking verb,of course, is any of the "being" verbs (is, was, were, are, etc.) or a words such as appear, feel, look, or seem. The house is large. Her essay was fascinating. Noted that in these two sentences the adjectives define the subject, but they are located in the predicate (behind a linking verb).
The story of adjectives gets even finer. Groups of words named phrases or clauses could also function as adjectives--that is, modify nouns or pronouns. The man near the door is my daddy. The car in the garage is a Corvette. In both of these sentences, the italicized words are prepositional phrases that limit nouns--man in the first case, and car in the second.
Another type of phrase--named a participial phrase--also be used as an adjective. A participle is part verb and part something else, and for that cause it is usually referred to as a verbal. Often, it is a verb with an -ing ending, as in sleeping dog or an exciting event. Writers should be careful when utilizing verbals because the words can sometimes be left "dangling" if the noun being modified is not apparent. Think about this sentence: Being in a hurry to finish my exercise, numerous dangling modifiers were left uncorrected in my essay. The reader associates being with modifiers. Who was in a hurry? The sentence isn't clear.